We will be talking about the manners with which messages are passed in the classroom. There are a number of methods a teacher may adopt in his/her lessons, even though factors such as subject content, class population, time and school facility may influence his/her choice. In teaching, all methods are good as far as they are used where and when suitable. A good teacher uses all method perfectly while a bad one wrecks them all. Hence, below are brief notes on two of these techniques;
- Didactic Method.
It is the mainstream method, it involves verbal presentation of ideas to students who are expected to retain them. It is highly beneficial when presenting new or complex principles. Besides, it saves time and energy. Though you may not forgive this method for it caused those boring days in school. Yea! The lecture method as popularly known, bores students as they are only involve in taking note and seldom asking questions. To make the best of the didactic/lecture method, a teacher needs to apply some curatives; ask the students to summarize the lesson, ask questions and request that they ask questions too. When using this, do not forget to add some demonstration to your lesson.
- Questioning Method.
It does not only allow students participation but encourages critical thinking and spirit of problem solving. The teacher asks a set of questions which students are expected to answer. These questions are usually based on things the students are familiar with in their previous experiences.
The questioning method is threatening to some students and causes disorderliness in class. However, to make a good Question and answer session; make a list of your questions, shun ‘yes’ or ‘no’ questions as much as possible, tell students to explain how they arrived at conclusions and ask their colleagues to agree and disagree with the answers.
In asking and affirming the questions and answers you need to maintain a modest and respectful conduct, avoid the phrase “can someone” instead use “someone should”, the difference is; the former questions the ability of the students while the latter is all embracing. Make sure to buoy up students who got right answers, adopt other than the customary “clap for him!” to make a difference. Do not forget to negate the wrong answers beautifully too.
As a final point, questioning like other teaching techniques should not be used independently. Adopt it…teaching has gone beyond loading information into the students’ head.
We’ll be learning more on teaching methods in the next episode….keep your eyes open!